Year: 2021
World Watch List: 34
Score: 66
Leader: Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
Population: 30 million
Christian: 1.3 million
Main Religion: Hinduism
Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Source of Persecution: Religious Nationalism
In cooperation with local partners and churches, Open Doors supports the persecuted church in Nepal through:
  • Bible and Christian material distribution
  • Training (including persecution preparedness training)
  • Socio-economic aid
  • Legal help and advocacy
  • Special projects as requested by the local church

Meet ‘Bhumika’

“In my village they do not allow me to fetch water from the village well, and we are not allowed to even touch the handle of the water pump. Often, I went secretly at night to fetch water.”

Persecution type: Clan oppression/Religious nationalism

What does persecution look like in Nepal?

In Nepal, converts from Hinduism are put under the most pressure; they are viewed as deviating from the faith of the ancestors, and therefore breaking with their culture and their national identity. Converts—and members of Protestant churches—experience pressure from family, friends, community and local authorities. Roman Catholic churches, as well as churches where more foreigners attend, often have fewer issues. 

Nepal has a great deal of political instability, driven by governmental infighting as well as a constant push-and-pull between powerful neighbors China and India. Hindu extremists occasionally take advantage of this fact by attacking Christians. 

There is also an anti-conversion law in place in Nepal, which has been used to expel foreign citizens recently. This law can be broadly applied, and since it says that anyone who causes an individual to convert to a different religion can be imprisoned, fined or deported, it has been used to target Christians. In some areas, Christians were also left out of COVID-19 relief that the government provided, re-emphasizing their status as second-class citizens. 

Who is most vulnerable to persecution?

Christians who convert from Hinduism are at most risk in Nepal. Often this is worse in rural areas than in urban settings. Additionally, all Christians are at risk of accusations under the anti-conversion law. 


  • Pray that Christians in Nepal will have wisdom to know how to share their faith safely, and boldness to continue sharing the gospel. Pray God will soften the hearts of those enforcing the restrictions on evangelism, and that He might draw them to Himself through the courageous witness of our brothers and sisters.
  • Pray for Christian women in Nepal who face persecution from their family members. Many are beaten, threatened, not allowed to go to church, rejected and left alone. Please pray that, with God’s strength, these women will continue to stand strong in their faith, and through them God would bring their entire families to know the saving grace of Jesus Christ.
  • Pray for believers who live in very remote villages. It is difficult for our local partners to contact them, and when they go through persecution, it can be difficult for our partners to reach them quickly. Pray for the Christians in these villages, that God would strengthen them and provide their needs.

Image Gallery

Related News

COVID-19: Five Prayer Points to Help You Pray for Nepal

Five months into the pandemic, Nepal is still struggling. As in many other countries, lockdowns mean people face a massive loss of income, and believers are denied food aid. Open Doors local partners David* and Heena* share how we can pray earnestly and intelligently for our church family in Nepal under lockdown.

Open Doors helps more than 100,000 people with COVID-19 relief

The coronavirus pandemic is a health crisis, but for many poor people around the world, it is also a crisis of food...

Nepal: Persecution Is Increasing – But So Is Faith

Image: A woman in the Adult Literacy Project in Nepal which is aimed to provide basic education to Christians from...

2020 World Watch List Map

(A3 PDF)
Download yours now